In the second class it was 26 3/5 per cent reduction in the fares, and there was an increase in the number of passengers of 61 1/5 per cent.In the third class the reduction in the fares was 33⅓ per cent, and the increase in the number of passengers 259 per cent.When railways were first established, every living being gazed at a passing train with astonishment and fear; ploughmen held their breath; the loose horse galloped from it, and then, suddenly stopping, turned round, stared at it, and at last snorted aloud. As the train now flies through our verdant fields, the cattle grazing on each side do not even raise their heads to look at it; the timid sheep fears it no more than the wind; indeed, the hen-partridge, running with her brood along the embankment of a deep cutting, does not now even crouch as it passes close by her. On entering a railway station we merely mutter to a clerk in a box where we want to go ― say How much?― see him horizontally poke a card into a little machine that pinches it ― receive our ticket ― take our place ― read our newspaper ― on reaching our terminus, drive away perfectly careless of all or of any one of the innumerable arrangements necessary for the astonishing luxury we have enjoyed.Q ― What is the extent of the difference between the prices charged originally and the present prices? Q ― Have those reductions been attended in any instance with a loss of revenue?
In January 1842, the railway department of the Board of trade sent out a circular letter to railway companies asking, among other questions, Whether third-class or other passengers-carriages go with trains partly composed of luggage-waggons.In return for this concession, the railway operator was exempted from paying duty on third-class passengers.However, train fares remained high, not only for the working classes, but for many potential first and second-class travellers.one train ― which became known as the parliamentary or government train ― with provision for carrying third-class passengers, should run on every line, every day, in each direction, stopping at every station; the fare should be 1d.(p) per mile; its average speed should not be less than 12 miles per hour; third-class passengers should be protected from the weather and be provided with seats; third-class passengers should be allowed to take up to 56 lbs of luggage with them, free of charge.